Mary I, Queen of England

19 Nov

Born: 8th February 1516

Died: 17th November 1558

Mary I is the daughter of Henry VIII and his first wife Catherine of Aragon. Mary was very much like her mother a devoted Catholic which she continued to be for her whole life. Henry did have a lot of affection towards Mary but he was deeply disappointed that her Mother never gave him the son he desired so much. When Mary reached the age of 9 it was clear that Henry and Catherine would have no more children. In 1525, Henry sent Mary to the border of the Wales to preside. In mid 1528 Mary reached back home and returned to court in London. When Mary was only 2 years old she was promised to Dauphin the son of King Francis I of France. However, this promise was broke 3 years later. When Mary was 6 years old she was promised to her 22 year old first cousin the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. However, this promise was broke off only a few years later by Charles with Henry’s agreement. Then a marriage treaty was signed which meant that Mary would marry either King Francis I of France himself or his second son Henry, Duke of Orleans. However, an alliance was secured with France without the marriage taking place. When Henry divorced Mary’s mother Mary refused to accept Anne Boleyn as Queen or that of her half-sister Elizabeth. Henry and Mary’s relationship grew worst and Mary didn’t see her father for 3 years. Mary was offered ill due to her ill treatment and her mother was also ill. But Henry refused to let Mary go and visit her mother. When Catherine died Mary was inconsolable. On the 6th July 1553 Mary’s half-brother King Edward IV died and Lady Jane Grey was made Queen of England. However, Lady Jane Grey was only Queen of England for 9 days. Mary wasn’t crowned Queen of England until 1st October 1553. By the time Mary was 37 years of age she turned her attention to finding a husband. In 1554, Mary marries King Philip of Spain. However, their marriage wasn’t a happy one and Philip was always in Spain and Mary was always in England. However, in September 1554 Mary and her doctors thought she was pregnant because she had stopped menstruating, gained weight and felt nauseous in the mornings. However, it turned out that Mary wasn’t pregnant at all. When Philip found out that Mary wasn’t in fact pregnant he left England to go and command his troops in France. By this point, Mary was devastated and fell into deep depression because of the recently events that had occurred in her life. In 1557, King Philip visited England and his wife again and Mary thought once again that she was pregnant and the baby was due in March 1558. However, this was yet again a false pregnancies and Mary had no choice but to name her half-sister Elizabeth her successor in the event of her death. May 1558, Mary had grow weak and very ill and sadly died at the age of 42 years old on the 17th November 1558. In Mary’s will she stated that she wanted to be buried alongside her mother, however, this didn’t happen and Mary was buried in Westminster Abbey on the 14th December 1558. Mary would later share her tomb with Elizabeth herself.

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